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African Countries and Capitals : Africa Facts

Before African countries and capitals came
to be , Africa was a continent without strict
and well outlined political and economic
boundaries . There was practically no such
thing as heads of States , Governors and
legislators. People were merely living in
villages and hamlets in small clans within
the confines of what could be regarded as
more traditional boundaries . Boundary
disputes were not on a national level as
there was non rather between neighboring
villages . Africa fell victim to the Europeans
dominating powers in the 19 th century . It
was at this time that Europeans started
arriving at the vast , rich but unexplored
black continent to establish dominance ,
authority and in the process , carve out
territories for themselves .

During the so called “ scramble for Africa ” ,
the continent was divided among these
colonial powers among the most favored
were Britain , France and portugal . Other
countries that were fortunate enough to
grab a slice of Africa include : Italy,
Germany, Belgium and Spain . With this, the
entire Africa was split and shared among
these countries except for Ethiopia and
Liberia which are presumed to never have
been colonized ( this fact has been disputed
by some scholars who state that Liberia was
a colony for just about 17 years prior to a
partial independence that was achieved by
the April 4, 1839 declaration of
commonwealth and subsequently , absolute
independence was declared on 26 July 1847
which was eight years later ). With this
division , African countries and capitals were
Today, though African countries are ravaged
by wars , conflicts and poverty mostly as a
result of bad governance and corruption ,
the wildlife , landscape , traditions , African
people and culture have all made it one of
the best travel destinations in the world.

Countries and Capitals
of Africa
Tunisia- Tunis
Lesotho - Maseru
Swaziland - Mbbane

Madagascar - Antananarivo
Seychelles - Victoria
Comoros- Moroni
Mauritius - Port Louis
Djibouti - Djibouti
Somalia - Mogadishu
Ethiopia - Addis Ababa
Uganda - Kampala
Kenya- Nairobi
Rwanda - Kigali
Burundi - Bujumbura
Zambia - Lusaka
Tanzania - Dar es Salaam
Malawi- Lilongwe
Mozambique - Maputo
Algeria - Algiers
Morocco - Rabat
Western Sahara - Undisputed
Senegal - Dakar
Benin - Porto- Novo
Sao Tome and Principe- Sao Tome
Nigeria- Abuja
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Niger- Niamey
Chad - N’ Djamena
Cameroon - Yaounde
Equatorial Guinea - Malabo
Gabon - Libreville
Democratic Republic of Congo-
Republic of Congo- Kinshasa
Central African Republic - Banjui
Sudan - Khartoum
Libya- Tripoli
Egypt - Cairo
Eritrea - Asmara
Zimbabwe - Harare
Botswana- Gaborone
Namibia - Windhoek
Angola - Luanda
South Africa - Pretoria
The Gambia - Banjul
Mauritania- Nouakchott
Mali - Bamako
Guinea - Conakry
Guinea Bissau - Bissau
Cape Verde - Praia
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Liberia - Monrovia
Ivory Coast - Yamoussoukro
Ghana - Accra
Togo - Lome
In addition to these 54 African Countries
and their capitals , there are partially
recognized and unrecognized states in
Africa. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (El
Aaiún) is a partially recognized state
while Somaliland ( Hargeisa ) is an
unrecognized state .
It is worthy of note that South Africa has
three officially recognized capitals – Pretoria,
Cape Town and Bloemfontein . Pretoria is the
executive capital , Cape Town is the
legislative capital while Bloemfontein is the
judicial capital .
Western Sahara which is very close
to Morocco , is an occupied territory and is a
disputed territory with the southern region
considered Moroccan territory. It is not
recognized by some countries but has El
Aaiún as its official capita


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